J Cell Biochem. 2019 Apr ;120(4):5480-5494. Epub 2018 Oct 15. PMID: 30324629
Mitochondria-mediated apoptosis was induced by oleuropein in H1299 cells involving activation of p38 MAP kinase.
Lung cancer is the main health threat in the world. Recently, oleuropein has been reported to have potent antioxidant and anticancer activities. However, the antitumor effects of oleuropein on H1299 cells are not well understood. Therefore, the purpose of this paper is tantamount to explore the effects of oleuropein on H1299 cells and its underlying mechanism that may be involved. Oleuropein treatment in H1299 cells resulted in cell cycle distribution at G/M arrest and apoptosis in a dose-dependent manner. Mitochondria-mediated apoptosis was verified by the increase in Bax/Bcl-2 ratio, release of cytochrome c, and activation of caspase-3 on oleuropein-induced H1299 cells. In addition, our data also demonstrated that the p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathway has a critical role in oleuropein-induced apoptosis. Moreover, we used transcriptome analysis to identify differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in H1299 cells by oleuropein and SB203580 treatment. Many DEGs were annotated to metabolic pathways, cell cycle, pathways in cancer, MAPK signaling pathway by Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes and Gene ontology enrichment methods. Network and expression analysis found that DEGs, including RPS6A5, GADD45A, and MKP, play a key role in the p38 MAPK signaling pathway. In H1299 cells, oleuropein resulted in the expression of numerous genes related to cell signaling, metabolism pathway and directly associated with apoptosis. These results illustrated that oleuropein-induced apoptosis via mitochondrial apoptotic cascade was activated by the p38 MAPK signaling pathway in H1299 cells. Thus, oleuropein as a natural compound and therapeutic drug has potential application value in the treatment of lung cancer.