Food Chem Toxicol. 2018 Nov ;121:140-150. Epub 2018 Aug 27. PMID: 30165128
Chlorogenic acid ameliorates experimental colitis in mice by suppressing signaling pathways involved in inflammatory response and apoptosis.
Chlorogenic acid (ChA) exhibits a multitude of positive health effects, however, the signaling mechanisms by which ChA could influence the inflammatory response in experimental colitis are unknown. To answer this question, we induced colitis in mice by administration of 2.5% dextran sulfate sodium (DSS) in drinking water for seven days. Oral administration of ChA significantly ameliorated clinical symptoms, improved disease activity index and colon shortening induced by DSS. Furthermore, ChA administration resulted in a suppression of phosphorylated extracellular signal-regulated kinases 1 and 2 (ERK1/2), c-Jun N-terminal kinases 1 and 2 (JNK1/2), Akt and signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) with concomitant upregulation of phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN) expression. Immunohistochemical analysis showed a dose-dependent decrease in expression and nuclear translocation of nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) p65 subunit, which was accompanied by suppression of pro-inflammatory cytokine tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) expression. Induction of apoptosis and oxidative stress was attenuated in a dose-dependent manner by suppressing Bax, caspase-8, caspase-9 and heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) protein expression in mice administrated with ChA. The results of the current study suggest that ChA could be useful for the treatment of inflammation and attenuating colitis severity by suppressing activation of pro-inflammatory and apoptotic signaling pathways.