Folia Morphol (Warsz). 2019 Jul 1. Epub 2019 Jul 1. PMID: 31257565
Adverse effects of energy drink on rat pancreas and the therapeutic role of each of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells and nigella sativa oil.
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Energy drinks have been observed to threaten public health leading to many medical problems. Bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) have broad prospects in tissue regeneration. Nigella Sativa (NS) possess great therapeutic properties for the treatment of a wide range of diseases.MATERIAL AND METHODS: Forty adult male albino rats were divided into: control group and treated group. The treated group was further subdivided into: energy drink subgroup 2a, BMSCs-injected subgroup 2b, NS-injected subgroup 2c. Histological, immunohistochemical and biochemical assessment was performed.RESULTS: Administration of energy drink revealed that it adversely affected the pancreatic cytoarchitecture. BMSCs and NS have been similarly observed to significantly ameliorate the histological, biochemical and immunohistochemical changes induced by energy drink.CONCLUSION: s: The extent of pancreatic regeneration, exerted by each of BMSCs and NSO, is nearly similar but the effect of BMSCs is more superior, however, nigella sativa could be privileged to BMSCs as a line of treatment being easily accessible and of lower cost.