Mol Nutr Food Res. 2019 Jun 5:e1801393. Epub 2019 Jun 5. PMID: 31168926
Myricetin Ameliorates Ethanol-Induced Lipid Accumulation in Liver Cells by Reducing Fatty Acid Biosynthesis.
SCOPE: Alcoholic liver disease is a serious threat to human health. The development of drug candidates from complementary and alternative medicines is an attractive approach. Myricetin can be found in fruit, vegetables, and herbs. This study investigates the protective effect of myricetin on ethanol-induced injury in mouse liver cells.METHODS AND RESULTS: Oil-red O staining, assays of oxidative stress and measurements of inflammatory markers in mouse AML12 liver cells collectively demonstrate that myricetin elicits a curative effect on ethanol-induced injury. Next, the role of myricetin in the metabolic regulation of ethanol pathology in liver cells is assessed by gas chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry. Myricetin inhibits ethanol-stimulated fatty acid biosynthesis. Additionally, dodecanoic acid may be proposed as a potential biomarker related to ethanol pathology or myricetin therapy. It is also observed that myricetin enhances ethanol-induced inhibition of the mitochondrial electron transport chain. Moreover, fumaric acid is found to be a candidate biomarker related to ethanol toxicity or myricetin therapy. Quantitative reverse-transcription-PCR shows that ethanol-induced fatty acid synthase and sterol regulatory element-binding protein-1c mRNA levels are alleviated by myricetin. Finally, myricetin increases ethanol-induced inhibition of phosphorylation of AMP-activated protein kinase.CONCLUSION: These results elucidate the pharmacological mechanism of myricetin on ethanol-induced lipid accumulation.