Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020 01 19 ;17(2). Epub 2020 Jan 19. PMID: 31963813
Dietary Folate Intake and Folic Acid Supplements among Pregnant Women from Southern Italy: Evidence from the"Mamma&Bambino"Cohort.
Folate requirement among women who plan to become pregnant should be raised to 600μg/day during the periconceptional period. To meet this need, several countries began to promote the use of folic acid supplements before and during pregnancy. Here, we investigated prevalence and determinants of dietary folate intake and folic acid supplement use among 397 pregnant women (aged 15-50 years old, median = 37 years old). We also investigated their effects on neonatal outcomes in a subgroup of women who completed pregnancy. For doing that, we used data from the"Mamma&Bambino"project, an ongoing mother-child cohort settled in Catania (Italy). Inadequate folate intake was evaluated using a Food Frequency Questionnaire and defined as an intake