Biol Trace Elem Res. 2020 Jan 30. Epub 2020 Jan 30. PMID: 32002792
Nobiletin Regulates ROS/ADMA/DDAHII/eNOS/NO Pathway and Alleviates Vascular Endothelium Injury by Iron Overload.
Iron overload is harmful to health and associates with intracellular excessive reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation. Nobiletin (Nob) is known to be antioxidant and anti-inflammatory. However, whether Nob can protect endothelial cells against iron overload has not been studied, and the specific mechanism has not yet been elucidated. In this study, we have identified the protective effects of Nob, and its underlying molecular mechanism in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) suffered from iron overload via ROS/ADMA/DDAHII/eNOS/NO pathway. We found that compared with 50 μM iron dextran treatment, co-treatment with 20 μM Nob increased cell viability and decreased lactate dehydrogenase activity. Besides, Nob could upregulate DDAHII expression and activity, promote eNOS phosphorylation to produce more NO, reduce ADMA content, and therefore increase superoxide dismutase, catalase, and glutathione peroxidase activities, and decrease malondialdehyde level and ROS generation. Nob also inhibited mitochondrial permeability transition pore (mPTP) openness and cleaved caspase-3 expression, and decreased apoptosis induced by iron overload. These results were consistent when Nob was replaced by the positive control reagents L-arginine (a competitive substrate of ADMA), cyclosporin A (an mPTP closing agent), or edaravone (a free radical scavenger). The addition of pAD/DDAHII-shRNA adenovirus reversed the above effects of Nob. These data suggested that the protective mechanism of Nob was to inhibit ROS burst, upregulate DDAHII expression and activity, promote eNOS phosphorylation, produce NO, reduce ADMA content, and ultimately alleviate iron overload damage in vascular endothelium.