Biomed Pharmacother. 2019 Mar ;111:579-587. Epub 2018 Dec 31. PMID: 30599319
Protective effects of p-coumaric acid against oxidant and hyperlipidemia-an in vitro and in vivo evaluation.
Dietary phenols are antioxidants with diverse physiological functions that are beneficial for human health. The objective of this research work was to investigate antioxidant activity of p-coumaric acid (p-CA) using four in vitro methods, the protective effects against oxidative stress in PC12 cells, and hypolipidemic effects on High fat-diet (HFD) mice model. The p-CA exhibited moderate antioxidant activity in the selected in vitro assay. The highest chelating activity of p-CA at 50 μg/mL was found to be 52.22%. Pretreatment with p-CA significantly enhanced cell viability of PC12 cell and suppressed AAPH-induced intracellular ROS generation and AAPH-induced LDH release. The hypolipidemic effects of p-CA (100 mg/kg BW) was directly linked to the increased expression of nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor (Nrf2) by 2.0-fold, Glutathione peroxidase (Gpx) by 3.8-fold, Superoxide dismutase (SOD-1) by 1.6-fold, Heme oxygenase (HO-1) by 1.72-fold and NAD(P)H Quinone Dehydrogenase 1 (NQO-1) by 1.5-fold compared with HFD group. In addition to these effects, p-CA decreased total cholesterol and atherosclerosis index levels, and increased catalase (CAT) level in serum, total antioxidant capacity (T-AOC) and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) levels in liver as compared HFD group. Administration of p-CA also promoted the recovery of hyperlipidemia steatohepatitis in mice by ameliorating lipid peroxidation. These results suggested that p-CA is a potent antioxidant with potential therapeutic efficacy for treating hyperlipidemia symptoms.