Int J Public Health. 2020 Jan ;65(1):45-53. Epub 2020 Jan 25. PMID: 31982934
The association between sugar-sweetened beverages intake, body mass index, and inflammation in US adults.
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to (1) assess the associations between sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB) consumption and C-reactive protein (CRP) levels, and (2) evaluate the modifying effect of body mass index (BMI) on the association between SSB consumption and CRP levels.METHODS: A total of 6856 eligible adults were selected from the 2007-2010 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). Average quantity of SSB consumption was calculated from 2-day 24-h dietary recalls. All data analyses were performed with appropriate sampling weights.RESULTS: Compared with non-SSB drinkers, a 0.26 mg/l higher CRP was observed in heavy SSB drinkers after adjusting for demographic characteristics, lifestyle patterns, and BMI. An effect modification of BMI on SSB intake and CRP levels was detected (P