Biomed Pharmacother. 2018 May ;101:579-584. Epub 2018 Mar 22. PMID: 29514131
Potential of resveratrol in mitigating metabolic disturbances induced by ethanol.
Alcohol abuse is associated with numerous health problems, including metabolic disturbances and liver damage. Therefore, different compounds are continuously being tested to evaluate their potential effectiveness in reducing these harmful changes. Animal studies clearly show that resveratrol is capable of ameliorating some consequences of ethanol ingestion. Resveratrol is a naturally occurring diphenolic compound having pleiotropic, health-promoting properties. Its beneficial action have been also demonstrated in animal models with ethanol-induced metabolic disturbances and liver injury. In ethanol treated animals, resveratrol effectively reduced liver lipid accumulation. Moreover, this compound diminished necrosis of hepatocytes, and also reduced liver fibrosis. The hepatoprotective action of resveratrol is largely associated with its ant-oxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, and also covers changes in activities of some enzymes. It is known that this compound upregulates the adiponectin-SIRT1-AMPK signaling pathway in the liver. Resveratrol was also found to positively affect blood lipids in animals exposed to ethanol. Moreover, administration of resveratrol to animals with ethanol-induced hypoinsulinemia and insulin resistance was shown to alleviate these disturbances. These outcomes clearly indicate that resveratrol holds great potential to reduce some consequences of ethanol ingestion. However, human studies are required to fully assess its therapeutic value.