PLoS One. 2013 ;8(11):e81120. Epub 2013 Nov 15. PMID: 24260547
Vitamin D status and community-acquired pneumonia: results from the third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey.
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] level and history of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP).PATIENTS AND METHODS: We identified 16,975 individuals (≥17 years) from the third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III) with documented 25(OH)D levels. To investigate the association of 25(OH)D with history of CAP in these participants, we developed a multivariable logistic regression model, adjusting for demographic factors (age, sex, race, poverty-to-income ratio, and geographic location), clinical data (body mass index, smoking status, asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, congestive heart failure, diabetes mellitus, stroke, chronic kidney disease, neutropenia, and alcohol consumption), and season. Locally weighted scatterplot smoothing (LOWESS) was used to depict the relationship between increasing 25(OH)D levels and the cumulative frequency of CAP in the study cohort.RESULTS: The median [interquartile range (IQR)] serum 25(OH)D level was 24 (IQR 18-32) ng/mL. 2.1% [95% confidence interval (CI): 1.9-2.3] of participants reported experiencing a CAP within one year of their participation in the national survey. After adjusting for demographic factors, clinical data, and season, 25(OH)D levels